Mujer y salud periodontal

Throughout a woman’s life, hormonal changes affect tissue throughout the body. Fluctuations in hormonal levels occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause. At these times, la posibilidad de que la enfermedad periodontal puede aumentar, que requiere especial cuidado de su región oral.


During puberty, there is increased production of sex hormones. These higher hormone levels increase gum sensitivity and lead to greater irritation from plaque and food particles. The gums can become swollen, turn red, and feel tender.


Similar symptoms occasionally appear several days before menstruation. Bleeding of the gums, bright red swelling between the teeth and gum, or sores on the inside of the cheek may occur. These symptoms generally clear up once the period has started.


Your gums and teeth are also affected during pregnancy. Between the second and eighth month, gums may also swell, bleed, and become red or tender. Large lumps may appear as a reaction to local irritants. sin embargo, these growths are generally painless and not cancerous. They may require professional removal, but usually disappear sometime after delivery. Periodontal health practices should be part of your prenatal care. Any infections during pregnancy, incluyendo infecciones periodontales, can place a baby’s health at risk. Para más información, consulte la sección de nuestra página web con la etiqueta “Embarazo y Enfermedad Periodontal” bajo la “conexión Boca-Cuerpo” tab.

Oral Contraceptives

Hinchazón, sangrado, and tenderness of the gums may also occur when you are taking oral contraceptives, which are synthetic hormones.

You should always mention any prescriptions you are taking, including oral contraceptives, prior to medical or dental treatment. This will help eliminate the risk of drug interactions, such as antibiotics with oral contraceptives, which lessens the effectiveness of the contraceptive.


Changes in the look and feel of your mouth may occur if you are menopausal or post-menopausal. They include: feeling pain and burning in your gum tissue and salty, peppery, sour tastes, y “dry mouth.” la higiene oral cuidadosa en el hogar y profesional de limpieza puede aliviar estos síntomas. There are also saliva substitutes to treat the effects of dry mouth.